Esthetician Career: Training, Specialties, Job and Qualities

The training of an esthetician requires attention to detail and is a thorough one. It is not just about learning the basic skincare methods, it involves human anatomy and physiology, following some established state laws, sanitation and as well, establishing professional business qualities.

What Is Aesthetics/Esthetics?

Aesthetics/Esthetics is the study of beauty. Aesthetics/Esthetics is the branch of philosophy which deals with beauty and taste as well as the philosophy of art. It covers different sources of aesthetic experience – natural and artificial. The philosophy of art in this context studies the different ways through which artworks are imagined or created and how these created images serve the people who use them.

Who is an Esthetician or Aesthetician?

An esthetician is a licensed professional who majors in maintaining and improving the skin. He can be said to be a skin specialist who diagnoses skin diseases/problems (like wrinkles, blemishes, or pigmentation) and also recommends the best possible treatment for these skin diseases.

The work of an aesthetician is limited to the outer layer of the skin, which is the epidermis.

Where Can An Esthetician Work?

An esthetician has the capacity to work in different sectors that are related to skincare setting. The esthetician can also work in a hospital or clinic such as a dermatologist’s office to help in rendering medical services. In summary, the aesthetician can work in various places such as;

  • Dermatologist/Plastic Surgeons offices
  • Skincare clinics.
  • Hotels/luxury resorts.
  • Hospitals/Health (Nursing) facilities.
  • Day spas
  • Salons
  • Movie sets
  • Medi-spas or
  • He can engage in private practice.

NB: Do not confuse an esthetician as a medical professional, rather, they are referred to as beauticians. Estheticians work under the dermatologist’s supervision only when employed by a dermatologist.

What Is The Work Of An Esthetician?

The esthetician specializes in skin beauty. He performs different forms of checks on the skin to ensure that the human skin is free from all sorts of skin diseases. Most estheticians perform various forms of skin treatment. These skin treatments include

  • Facial and superficial chemical peels
  • Body treatments
  • Skin conditioning
  • Blemish extraction
  • Waxing (hair removal)
  • Eyelash extensions
  • Microblading
  • Makeovers/permanent makeup application etc.

What Skin Diseases Do Aestheticians Treat?

Generally, estheticians treat a wide range of cosmetic skin diseases. These include:

  • Mild acne
  • Hyperpigmentation and
  • Ageing skin

Clients with other forms of skin diseases are referred to a dermatologist or other health administration professionals

The programs are majorly taught during the day and require that the students spend about 24 – 35 hours weekly. These hours are spent both theoretical knowledge and practical training and most often outside the class.

What Are Esthetician Schools Like?

Esthetician school involves both theoretical knowledge and practical training. Hence, esthetician schools combine both theory and practice to establish students into full-time estheticians. Students are thought by means of classroom instruction and illustrations. From there they go into practising with mannequins and gradually master how to use the tools and products at their disposals.

What Courses Are Taught In Esthetician Schools?

The courses taught in esthetician schools cut across theoretical and hand-on-training. The courses taught at esthetician schools cover the under listed topics.

Part A: Theoretical

#1. Human Anatomy and Physiology

In this topic, you will learn the basics of human anatomy as well as skin physiology. Areas such as the functioning and operations of the circulatory system, respiratory system, digestive system, endocrine system as well as muscular system will be covered. Other parts of the class include skin conditions and possible skin disorders too.

#2. Application of Makeup

In this course/topic, students are taught basic ways to apply cosmetics/makeups in such a way that the looks of the clients are enhanced. This will cause the clients to look more appealing and attractive.

#3. Waxing/Hair Removal

The students are taught the procedures to get rid of unwanted hair. This procedure involves threading and waxing. They are also taught how to barb hair and also style it in different ways that please the clients/customers.

#4. Ingredient Analysis

As earlier stated in the qualities of an esthetician (see table of content), the esthetician should have flair for sciences. This course will guide the students to know the active ingredients in skincare products. They will also learn how these ingredients combine together to produce effective results. There is no better way to understand this topic without a good foundation in science subjects.

#5. Skin Treatment Courses

Skin treatment courses such as facials, cleansing, toning and massaging are taught in the best esthetician schools in Florida. These courses prepare the students to treat the client’s skin cautiously and safely as well.

#6. Marketing and Management

The students are taught basic marketing skills and business management courses so they learn the different ways to build and promote their businesses. Skills such as marketing, client retention, sales and insurance and tax laws are taught in this course.

#7. Safety and Sanitization

The students at the best esthetician schools in Florida are taught how to protect their clients in this course. Other contents of this course include state requirements with regards to safety precautions, environmental sanitation and sterilization of working equipment and workshops.

Part B: Hands-On-Training

Just as stated above, to become a licensed esthetician requires these two parts – theoretical knowledge and hands-on training. You must complete these parts successfully to be licensed to practice as an esthetician.

On that note, a certain amount of hours is required in hand-on-training to enable you to learn the skills in esthetics. These number of hours varies with states, and on average, students spend 250 hours in Florida in hand-on-training.

Some of the areas covered in the hands-on-training include:

#1. Workshop Setup

Here, you will be trained on the various sanitary methods that are in best practices with setting up a workstation.

#2. Proper Equipment Sanitization

You will be taught how to properly sanitize your working tools after every session. This is to ensure that the entire workshop is clean and tidy in order to stay in line with health and safety regulations.

#3. Clients Preparation

The best esthetician schools in Florida teach their students how to make the clients comfortable and relaxed before commencing treatment. They are taught how to explain to the clients what to expect at every session. The medical history of the clients is also established in order to give proper care to the clients.

#4. How To Perform Treatment Proper

After setting up the workshop, ensuring the workshop is neat and well sanitized, the client is prepared for treatment proper. The next step is to administer treatment. Hand-on-trainings are done with mannequins before practice with humans. Students are taught in groups and they learn how to perform treatments. This is more like the last stage of the esthetician program.

What Are The Esthetician Specialties?

The best esthetician schools in Florida prepares students to make the best career choices through their specialties. These specialities are meant to guide students on how to provide specific treatments. At times, these speciality courses are not taught in a basic program.

The 5 Main Types Of Esthetician Specialties

The major reason why there are specialties is to enable the students to mould their future careers. It doesn’t matter at what stage you are, whether you just kick-started your career in esthetics or have advanced in health and wellness. As long as you wish to specialize in an area in esthetics, there are 5 main types of esthetician specialties to choose from. They include;

  • Skincare Specialists
  • Waxing
  • Facial Specialists
  • Spa Therapists and
  • Medical Estheticians

All these specialties are associated with different benefits. You can also combine two or more specialties of your choice when you learn more about them. In this heading, we will guide you on the regular activities of these specialties to help you choose which specialties fits your fantasy.

#1. Skincare Estheticians

This specialty centres on the scientific side of cosmetology. It deals with the different methods and ways to improve chronic skin conditions such as eczema, rosacea, acne and signs of ageing. The students are equipped with all that is necessary to improve clients’ skin. In this specialty, you will learn the different cream compositions and active ingredients and how to apply these creams to improve all sorts of chronic skin diseases.

#2. Waxing

The waxing specialty is one of the most sought after amongst these specialties. This is because their services are the most popular and are in consistent demand. If you enjoy long term relationships with associates or clients, then this specialty is for you. The waxing specialists offer services that the customers require on a weekly and bi-weekly basis.

Waxing specialty involves so many specialties also. The specialists in this field start gradually through waxing different areas of the client’s body. As he practices, he gains expertise and chooses which particular part of the clients’ bodies to focus on as a specialty.

Other specialties in the waxing specialty such as eyebrow waxing are one of the fastest-growing skills because the clients rely on this waxing specialist to balance their eyebrows.

#3. Facial Specialists

This offers students in-depth facial techniques that put them ahead of others with just the basic skills in esthetics. With this exposure, their clients’ needs are better-taken care of. Facial specialists are taught different cleansing techniques as well as physical exfoliation. With these, they learn how to treat the skin concerns of their clients effectively and efficiently.

#4. Spa Therapists

The spa is one major place estheticians work. This is mostly due to the fact that clients recognise and visit spa therapists more often than they visit other esthetician specialists. It is a very vast area of esthetician speciality as it covers massage, aromatherapy and at times, facials and so on.

#5. Medical Estheticians

This is another esthetician specialty that requires at least a high school diploma or a GED to pursue. Medical esthetician students go on extensive training in order to work with dermatologists and other professionals in the medical field.

The works or duties of a medical esthetician differ from state to state. A medical esthetician in Florida will have different work schedules and duties from the one in Ohio or New York. Because they are professional skincare specialists, they are consulted at all times to treat different skin problems, infections and scars.

Qualities Of An Esthetician

The work of an esthetician is one that involves direct contact with clients on daily basis, and as such some qualities are necessary for an esthetician to effectively discharge his duties. Some of these qualities are listed below:

  • He must be Approachable
  • The Esthetician Must Be A Very Good Listener.
  • He Must Have a Passion For Beauty
  • Knowledge Base
  • He Must Love Helping Others
  • Possess Passion for Sciences
  • He must be Approachable

These qualities are a must-have for an esthetician anywhere in the world.

  1. He must be Approachable

In every field of life, it is expected that the business owner should have a polite face at all times in order not to scare customers away. No matter the training he/she had received, an esthetician should always wear a smile in order to make clients happy. This way, the clients can also find him/her approachable.

  1. The Esthetician Must Be A Very Good Listener.

The esthetician is seen as one who exchanges pleasantries with clients and customers at all times. This means at most times he listens to their needs, hence, it is required of him to pay close attention to these clients so as to ascertain their challenges and proffer solutions when and where necessary.

  1. He Must Have a Passion For Beauty

One cannot give what he does not have – this is a well-known philosophy. It requires a dental hygienist to offer dental care, so is an art therapist to use his creative works to change the world. Hence beauty is what show flow in the vein of an aesthetician. It is required that anyone who wishes to become an esthetician must be driven by beauty and be passionate about beauty.

  1. Knowledge Base

To compete favourably at all times, one needs to be at the top of their games. In this case, an esthetician is expected to keep improving and evolving with time. In the same vein, it is expected that an esthetician should have little knowledge of every aspect of beauty.

The esthetician must be on top of his game at all times and can achieve this through making necessary research about trending makeups and the likes.

  1. He Must Love Helping Others

The esthetician or cosmetologist should have the willingness to make people around him feel loved. This can be achieved by helping them when the need be. When his customers or clients encounter difficulties maybe while trying to do some makeovers/makeup themselves, he should aid them fix the problems. The aesthetician ought to interact with them in order to give them the necessary help they may require.

  1. Possess Passion for Sciences

As an aesthetician, it is advised that he/she must have a flair for science. This is because most beauty products are made of green/organic compounds. Knowing the composition of these products are essential because it will help the esthetician to make the right choices when combining products.

The basic knowledge of sciences will also guide him to make necessary scientific research at all times.


The above are the 5 main types of esthetician specialties to choose from. These esthetician specialties provide you with diverse options if you are looking forward to becoming an esthetician. Based on where you work as the case may be, you may combine two or more specialties together in any of the best esthetician schools in Florida or Texas.

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